If the yield and/or purity are not as expected, please check these steps for the best results:
1.1 Follow the second precipitation step in the protocol, and rehydrate in a smaller volume of buffer.
2.1 Recheck the PK and incubation time. Should be minimum 10µl PK/1ml of sample, and minimum 30 minutes. 60 minutes is optimum.
2.2 After adding TE buffer, was the sample well vortexed, and allowed to stand for minimum of 5 minutes? It is important to allow the DNA time to rehydrate before moving to the next step.
2.3 If the sample is too concentrated, it can give the appearance of low yield. Try adding more TE (there should be at least 100µl per 1ml original sample), vortex and allow 5 minutes to rehydrate.
3.1 Follow point 2.1 above
3.2 Recheck that the RCF/g and spin times were correct. After the SPN and spin step, check that ALL liquid is removed, as this contains impurities. There is an additional brief spin and liquid removal step, be sure that all liquid is discarded.
3.3 After spinning the sample in TE buffer at the second centrifugation step, ensure that none of the pellet is carried over to the clean tube, as the pellet contains impurities.
3.4 For an accurate reading, use 2µl of sample for the nanodrop analysis.
4.1 Check loading volume – ideally use 0.1-0.2µg/DNA/mm of gel lane width. More than this overloads the gel and gives a streaked appearance.
4.2 During the DNA purification, you must allow minimum 5 minutes in TE buffer for the DNA to rehydrate.
4.3 If the sample is too concentrated, it can give the appearance of low yield and also streaky gels due to supercoiled DNA. Try adding more TE, vortex and allow 5 minutes to rehydrate.
4.4 Check the collection date and expiry date of the sample. The sample should have been collected before the expiry date on the tube, and the collection date should be within 5 years. If the sample has been frozen, check whether it has been thawed and re-frozen, as this can cause DNA shearing.